A very large number of public and private data sets are available from local governments and are a huge resources for Europe and for the cities. In most cases, the citizens use worldwide operators such as Google, OpenStreet Map, Here, TomTom, etc., to get information while they found it in most cases insufficient for who is leaving in the city. The local governs have much more detailed data, some of them are public other are private and accessible only as authenticated services and thus not easily accessible for worldwide operators. These open and private valuable data are too fragmented and not accessible for the final users, citizens or companies that use to exploit them for providing services. They could be a source of revenues and are becoming a big business for local specific services, too small and complex to be of interest for worldwide operators.
In order to solve the above described problems and provide a unique point of access for interoperable data of a city metropolitan area we have realized (http://www.disit.org/km4city ) an ontological model called Km4City and well formalized and open grounded on ontology standards. In addition, a set of tools for data ingestion, management, aggregation, indexing and for producing in short time web and mobile applications have been realized and make accessible. The solution is presently today in place in Florence and whole Tuscany area. A smarter navigation can be performed from http://servemap.disit.org while mobile applications are accessible on Google Play and Apple Store.
The Km4City solution is covering multiple domains for citizens integrating aspects of mobility and transport, with energy, banks, parking, commercial, bike paths, delay for busses, garden areas, etc.
A number of accessible RDF stores are populating the linked open data world. The navigation on data reticular relationships is becoming every day more relevant. Several knowledge base repositories present relevant links to common vocabularies while many others are going to be discovered increasing the reasoning capabilities of our knowledge base applications. Linked Open Graph, LOG, is a web tool for collaborative browsing and navigation on multiple SPARQL entry points, RDF stores and LD in integrated manner. The LOG.disit.org tool is shortening the gap from the users to understand the Linked Data and provides an easy and accessible set of samples to navigate in multiple RDF stores with LD/LOD: providing features and advantages using dbPedia, Getty, Europeana, Geonames, etc. The LOG tool is free to be used, and to be embedded in third party pages. It has been adopted, developed and/or improved in multiple projects: such as ECLAP for social media cultural heritage, Sii-Mobility for smart city, and ICARO for cloud ontology analysis, OSIM for competence / knowledge mining and analysis.
The LOG.DISIT.ORG is covering multiple domains: cultural heritage, library, smart city, smart cloud, e-govern, etc. It allows discovering links, saving and sharing the graphs among a community.
The SemaGrow project develops a Linked Data infrastructure that allows transparent access to distributed heterogeneous and constantly updated large datasets. The developed innovations are delivered as the SemaGrow Stack, an open source software package. Through the SemaGrow Stack applications can access heterogenous, distributed triple stores using a single SPARQL endpoint, without having knowledge of the underlying schemas of the individual sources. To prove its practical value, the SemaGrow Stack is tested in data and knowledge intensive use cases from the agro-environmental domain.
Exchange and bringing together overlapping or complementing information from various sources, applications, and perspectives has been a major issue in both commercial and scientific domains. Several aspects can be identified that complicate the realization of a solution to the problem one of the largest being the way in which information is offered. Differences in formats or structures of information as well as differences in vocabulary provide hurdles for the interoperability and integration of information.
In the past 5-10 years, Semmtech has been working on a so called SEMMweb Data Cloud-solution, making full use of Semantic Web-technology in an advanced and innovative manner. A Data Cloud is a coherent set of information that can be used by different software from different suppliers unbound by the location where the information is stored. A Data Cloud can be a single autonomous set of information or a collection of different sets which link information into a coherent whole. A Data Cloud can describe any business domain, like for instance civil engineering products, throughout its life-cycle, while different parts (subsets) of the data are managed by different parties in the supply chain, with different software from different vendors. Information in a Data Cloud is retrievable via the Internet and can be (re)used by different parties to add data about any object, contributing to one big ’cloud’ of data that covers parts of or even the whole range of references and attributes related to an object.
An interesting case that combines some of the most relevant components of the Data Cloud-solution in a working prototype is the V-con project. The prime focus of this prototype is to tackle a set of interoperability challenges as set by two National Road Authorities (i.e. Rijkswaterstaat and Trafikverket) in a European project by the name of Virtual Construction for Roads (V-Con). Specifically in this project, Semmtech is partnering with the global engineering firm Arcadis.
The Open PHACTS project ( http://www.openphacts.org/) has built a platform for drug discovery that integrates data over diverse sets of public chemistry and biological data. It currently connects linked open data from 12 different data sources, including chemical compounds, protein targets, biological pathways and tissues, and diseases. The diversity and size and of the Open PHACTS data are growing rapidly, and it contains currently more than 3 billion triples. The Open PHACTS project is a unique collaboration between European academic groups, small businesses and large pharmaceutical companies, partially funded by the EU. The driver for the project is to enable scientists to easily access and process data from multiple sources to solve real-world drug discovery problems that were very difficult to solve before. These drug discovery problems formed the basis for selecting what public data sources were integrated in the Open PHACTS project. Anyone can freely access the Open PHACTS data through a well documented API, and numerous workflows to answer specific biomedical questions have been developed and published using the KNIME and Pipeline Pilot pipelining tools. In addition, several custom applications have been built using the API. Open PHACTS has shown that Linked Open Data in the form of RDF triples can be used effectively by the scientific community, and allows queries that were previously very difficult or impossible to run. Future directions include the integration of additional public data sources, integration of internal company data with Open PHACTS data, and the continued development of workflows for scientific questions that can only be answered using linked data.